Angular state inspector – Chrome Extension

Helps you debug Angular component state. Supports Angular 1/2+/Ivy! Angular State Inspector for Angular Supports all versions of Angular: – AngularJs – Angular 2+ – Angular Ivy – Hybrid apps (AngularJs + Angular) Extends the Chrome Developer Tools for Angular web apps. Adds new panel “State” to Elements tab, that displays the state of selected element. Prints state of selected element in console by calling “$state” variable. Depending on angular version it can show: – Component state – Directives – Context, like ngForOf or ngIf values – Event listeners If they are applicable to the current element.

Angular State Inspector also allows you to modify the values in the “State” panel (double click on value)

Source: Angular state inspector – Chrome Web Store

Binding select element to object in Angular

Component.ts file:

Component.ts file: 

@Component({
   selector: 'myApp',
   template: 'myApp.html'
})
export class AppComponent{
    countries = [
       {id: 1, name: "United States"},
       {id: 2, name: "Australia"}
       {id: 3, name: "Canada"},
       {id: 4, name: "Brazil"},
       {id: 5, name: "England"}
     ];
    selectedValue = null; //the current selected option id
}

Template:

<h1>My Application</h1>
<select [(ngModel)]="selectedValue">
<option *ngFor="let c of countries" [ngValue]="c">{{c.name}}</option>
</select>

StackBlitz example

NOTE: you can use [ngValue]=”c” instead of [ngValue]=”c.id” where c is the complete country object.

Source: html – Binding select element to object in Angular – Stack Overflow

Angular – Reactive forms API summary

Reactive forms API summary

The following table lists the base classes and services used to create and manage reactive form controls. For complete syntax details, see the API reference documentation for the Forms package.

Classes

Class Description
AbstractControl The abstract base class for the concrete form control classes FormControlFormGroup, and FormArray. It provides their common behaviors and properties.
FormControl Manages the value and validity status of an individual form control. It corresponds to an HTML form control such as <input> or <select>.
FormGroup Manages the value and validity state of a group of AbstractControl instances. The group’s properties include its child controls. The top-level form in your component is FormGroup.
FormArray Manages the value and validity state of a numerically indexed array of AbstractControl instances.
FormBuilder An injectable service that provides factory methods for creating control instances.

Directives

Directive Description
FormControlDirective Syncs a standalone FormControl instance to a form control element.
FormControlName Syncs FormControl in an existing FormGroup instance to a form control element by name.
FormGroupDirective Syncs an existing FormGroup instance to a DOM element.
FormGroupName Syncs a nested FormGroup instance to a DOM element.
FormArrayName Syncs a nested FormArray instance to a DOM element.

Source: Angular – Reactive forms – API Summary

Error Handling with Angular 8 – Tips and Best Practices

Handling errors properly is essential in building a robust application in Angular. Error handlers provide an opportunity to present friendly information to the user and collect important data for development. In today’s age of advanced front-end websites, it’s more important than ever to have an effective client-side solution for error handling.

An application that does not handle errors gracefully leaves its users confused and frustrated when the app suddenly breaks without explanation. Handling these errors correctly across an application greatly improves user experience. Collected data from the error handling can inform the development team about important issues that slipped past testing. This is why monitoring tools like Rollbar are so important.

In this article, we will compare several solutions for error handling in Angular apps. First, we will describe the traditional approaches using ErrorHandler and HttpClient. Then, we will show you a better solution using HttpInterceptor. We’ll also show you how to use this interceptor to monitor and track errors centrally in Rollbar.

 

Source: Error Handling with Angular 8 – Tips and Best Practices

Angular *ngFor calling method multiple times problem

Background:
When using *ngFor directive try to avoid using methods inside the *ngFor loop.
When methods are used inside the *ngFor template databinding Angular triggers the method on every possible change detection. Angular does this because a method has side effects, its “impure”. Angular don’t know if the return value of the method has changed, and triggers a change detection check as often as possible.

Result:
If you set a console.log() inside your method that is called from within a *ngFor loop and tries to trigger some sort of change detection interaction (e.g. component init, click or mouse scroll depending on component implementation). You will see that the method is being triggered many more times than expected.

Example problem:
(heroes.component.html)

<ul class="heroes">
  <li *ngFor="let hero of heroes"
    [class.selected]="hero === selectedHero"
    (click)="onSelect(hero)">
    <h5>{{getHeroName(hero)}}</h5>
  </li>
</ul>

(heroes.component.ts)

getHeroName(hero: Hero) {
  console.log(hero.name);
  return hero.name;
}

The console.log will log 21 times on init and another 20 times for every “click”. The expected result is 10 console.logs upon init.

Above example could be fixed by instead calling the name property on the iterated variable (hero):

<ul class="heroes">
  <li *ngFor="let hero of heroes"
    [class.selected]="hero === selectedHero"
    (click)="onSelect(hero)">
    <h5>{{hero.name}}</h5>
  </li>
</ul>

Solution:
Use a property inside the *ngFor directive instead, so prepare a collection with correct data and save to properties instead of using methods. So the template will iterate over an already “prepared” model collection.

If call on method inside the *ngFor directive is hard to avoid, at least make sure the code is fast and is performant since it will be called many, many times in a row.

Source: https://www.reddit.com/r/Angular2/comments/59532r/function_being_called_multiple_times/